New York Police Badges

New York Police 1st issue Asst. Captain badge. From 1845 until the charter of 1853 this style badge was worn by an Assistant Captain.  Each Captain had two Assistants.  The Assistant Captains each commanded a platoon in the Patrol District.  Beginning in 1853 the title was changed from Asst. Captain to Lieutenant, the badge remaining unchanged.
1845 - 1857

Ambrotype image of New York Police ranking officer wearing  1st issue badge.  1845 - 1857

New York Police official.

Historical Perspective:
In 1845 the city of New York issued it's first police badges with the formation of the Municipal Police force. At this time California was part of Mexico. Texas and Florida were just granted statehood and pioneers began following the Oregon trail to settle what was known as Oregon Country controlled by Great Britain and the U.S.
Baltimore issued their first badge in 1851 and Boston's first issue badge was introduced in 1853.

gleasonsNYPDofficer

1st issue NYPD Reserve Corps folded point badge #84, issued 1853.
Historian Michael E. J. Bosak provides the following.
The Reserve Corps
:  Chief Matsell established the "Reserve Corps" in 1853 as an elite unit of approximately 100 of the best and most competent patrolmen and sergeants. By 1855 it numbered approximately 150 men. They were assigned to the chief's office and other high profile assignments such as detective duty, the courts and various other details, etc. On occasion, the reserve corps would fly to various areas of the city and were used for duties similar to those performed by today's Borough Task Forces.  Courtesy Michael E. J. Bosak, historian NYPD.

According to Our Police Protectors, page 126, being selected to the Reserve Corps was "A virtual promotion, and was calculated to stimulate a laudable ambition among the men, and to encourage them to a more faithful and zealous performance of their duty."

1st issue NYPD Reserve Corps badge, circa 1853
nypd-1st-issue-chiefs office

NYPD 1st issue Police badge with Chief's Office banner.
 

NYPD 1st issue Captain's badge.  Engraved Capt. Azel Freeman, 16th Patrol District. Circa 1849.

I Buy Police Badges

New York Police 1st issue Sergeant badge.  1845 - 1857.  White metal.  By 1855 there were only 88 Sergeants. 
The position of Roundsman was not adopted until 1862 under the Metropolitan Police, 2nd issue badge.

New York Police 1st issue Patrolman badge 1845 - 1857.

New York Police 1st issue Patrolman badge 1845 - 1857.
Brass colored.

January 7, 1854 issue of GLEASON'S PICTORIAL newspaper showing the new uniforms of the Municipal Police and the 1st issue badges of the day.
The Police had worn their badge pinned to regular clothing from 1845 until the uniforms finally became mandatory in 1854.
Click Here to view
1848 Appointment Certificate

New York Police Officer wearing 1st issue folded point star badge, circa 1845

Azel Freeman:
born Mar. 20, 1809 in New Jersey.
1837 New York City Directory shows him employed as Marshal.
1840 the New York City Directory shows him employed as Constable.
May 1841, to May 1842 Documents of the Board of Alderman shows him as a Constable of the 11th Ward.
1842-3 Manual of the Corporation City of New York he is listed as a Constable of the 11th Ward.
Proceeding of the Board of Supervisors May 31, 1844 to October 7, 1847 shows him as a Constable of the First Ward.
1849 Manual of Corporation for the City of New York  shows him as the Constable of the 16th Ward. From the 1850 Manual of the Corporation of the City of New York we learn that on May 9th, 1849 he was appointed Captain of the 16th Patrol District of the New York Municipal Police Department.  His residence was listed as 691 Hudson Street in Manhattan.

Our Police Protectors Book by A. E. Costello published in 1885 on page 114 reads:  The term for Captains was two years. On page 115 we read that on April 11th,1849 the term for Captains, Asst. Captains and Policemen was increased to four years from date of appointment. 
The Sixteenth Patrol Division station house was located on Twentieth Street, between Seventh and Eighth Avenues.  The district had a force of 43 officers in May of 1848.  The Captain of each Patrol District divided the Policemen of his district into two equal parts, to be known as the first and second platoon, which were commanded respectively by the first and second Assistant Captains.

Manual of the Corporation City of New York page 166.

Manual of the Corporation City of New York 1850 page 166.
Click to see
Full Page

Patrolman

Sergeant

Reserve Corps

Asst. Captain / Lieutenant

Captain

January 7, 1854 issue of GLEASON'S PICTORIAL newspaper showing the new uniforms of the Municipal Police and the 1st issue badges of the day including this Reserve Corps badge.
Click on image to see full article. 
NYPD Badges 1845 - 1857
 

gleason-reservecorps02

January 7, 1854 issue of GLEASON'S PICTORIAL newspaper showing the new uniforms of the Municipal Police and the 1st issue badges of the day.
In 1853 the rank of Assistant Captain was changed to Lieutenant as seen in this image.
Click on image to see full article. 
NYPD Badges 1854 - 1857

January 7, 1854 issue of GLEASON'S  PICTORIAL newspaper showing the new 1st issue badges.
Capt-Gleasons
New York Police 1st issue Sergeant badge.  1845 - 1857.  White metal.
NYPD Captains badge, engraved Capt. Azel Freeman 16th Patrol District.

Reserve Corps

NYPD 1st issue Chief of Police badge.
1856 NYPD Captains group.

Click Here for info and pic of the Crystal Palace, NY Police.

I Buy Police Badges
Crystal Palace Police badge 8 point folded star.

Crystal Palace Police Badge. Scroll down for more info.
Photo by Bill Collins.

Chief's Office

Chief of Police

1856 Captains

Crystal Palace

New York Police 1st issue Asst. Captain badge.  From 1845 until the charter of 1853 this style badge was worn by an Assistant Captain.  Each Captain had two Assistants.  The Assistant Captains each commanded a platoon in the Patrol District.  Beginning in 1853 the title was changed from Asst. Captain to Lieutenant, the badge remaining unchanged.
Original hard cover 1851 Rules and Regulations of the Police Department of the City of New York.
I Buy Police Badges

Original hard cover 1851 Rules and Regulations of the Police Department of the City of New York.

I Buy Police Badges
I Buy Police Badges
I Buy Police Badges
searchPG
navbar

 

duplication-notice02
notsellbadges03

 

navbar
Policeguide.com banner
Email policeguide@live.com
searchPG

 

© Copyright 1996-  

 

 

Toledo Sergeant of Police badge.
Philadelphia Police Detective badge.